Battle of Heliopolis map

Battle of Heliopolis, July 6, 640

On this day, July 06, 640, the Rashidun Caliphate forces defeated the Byzantine armies in the Battle of Heliopolis. It took place during the reign of Umar ibn al-Khattab. The Muslim forces were commanded by Amr bin al-A's while the Byzantines were ...

Siege of Nicaea 1097

Crusaders’ siege of Nicaea, May 14-June 19, 1097

In the year 1077, Suleiman Shah ibn Qutalmish captured the Byzantine city of Nicaea and founded his own independent state from the Great Seljuks. This state came to be known as the Seljuk Sultanate of Rum or the Seljuk Sultanate of Anatolia. After ...

Fall of Jerusalem 1099

Chronological history of the Crusades

August 26, 1071In the Battle of Manzikert, Sultan Alp Arslan defeats the Byzantine armies led by Emperor Romanos IV Diogenes. 1075Suleiman ibn Qutulmish captures the Byzantine city of Nicaea. 1077Suleiman establishes the Seljuk Sultanate of Rum wit ...

mehmed ii leaves for Constantinople 2

Siege and Conquest of Constantinople, 1453

Sultan Murad II besieged the city of Constantinople in 1422 but the walls were too strong for an army without proper siege engines. Meanwhile, a revolt also broke out in Anatolia. Therefore, the Sultan had to abandon the siege to deal with the ...

Amir timur meets ibn khaldun

The iconic meeting of Amir Timur and Ibn Khaldun

Amir Timur meets Ibn Khaldun | Photo: Social Media Shares In 1401, the great Arab historian Ibn Khaldun met Amir Timur during the siege of Damascus. After staying in Timur’s camp for a month, Ibn Khaldun left with a profound respect for the great king ...

Hulagu Khan dies

Hulagu Khan dies

On this day, 8 February 1265 CE, the founder of Ilkhanate, Hulagu Khan died because of a serious illness. Hulagu ruled Ilkhanate from 1256 to 1265. He is known for besieging and sacking the Abbasid capital city of Baghdad in 1258. From the defeat at the ...

Idrisid dynasty is founded

Idrisid dynasty is founded

On this day, 5 February 789 CE (4 Ramadan, 172 AH), Idris ibn Abd Allah founded the Idrisid dynasty in the town of Volubilis or Walili (now in Morocco). Idris was the great-grandson of Hasan bin Ali. In 786, he escaped Arabia after the battle of Fakhkh f ...