The FMH is not responsible for any information or graphics being used outside our website and social media platforms.

You can use this website for lawful purposes in a manner which does not breach any Law. 

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You agree that your use of this site (or any information and graphics available on FMH) shall be at your sole risk and responsibility.


We do not claim the 100% accuracy of any map posted on our website. Rather these maps are estimations.

The information for maps is collected from international academic sources including:

  • University of Texas Library
  • Encyclopedia Britannica
  • The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World
  • GeaCron Media
  • Oxford Islamic Studies Online