On this day, 8 February 1265 CE, the founder of Ilkhanate, Hulagu Khan died because of a serious illness. Hulagu ruled Ilkhanate from 1256 to 1265. He is known for besieging and sacking the Abbasid capital city of Baghdad in 1258. From the defeat at the Battle of Köse Dağ in 1243 to 1308 CE, the Seljuqs of Rum acted as vassals of the Ilkhanate.
In 1251, Möngke Khan, the brother of Hulagu Khan became the 4th Khagan of the Mongol Empire. In 1252, Möngke appointed his brother Hulagu Khan to extend the Mongol power in the Muslim world, especially in West Asia.
In 1258, he sacked Baghdad and put an end to the Abbasid caliphate. But his invasion would be checked at Battle of Ain Jalut by the Mamluks. The armies of Hulagu led by Kitbuqa were defeated by the Mamluks in the battle of Ain Jalut in 1260.
The Seljuqs of Anatolia became the vassals of the Mongol Empire after their defeat in the Battle of Köse Dağ. When Hulagu laid the foundation of Ilkhanate in 1256, he continued his control over the Seljuqs.
In 1308, the Seljuqs Sultan Mesud II was murdered and thus the Seljuqs of Anatolia were overthrown by the Mongols completely. But soon in 1335, the Ilkhanate was also disintegrated. After Ilkhanate’s fall, several independent petty dynasties and principalities emerged to the power in Iran and Anatolia.
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