Aligarh Muslim University or AMU is a public central university in Aligarh, India, which was originally established by Islamic modernist, reformer and educator Sir Syed Ahmad Khan in 1875.
The Indian Uprising of 1857 was one of the major turning points in Syed Ahmed’s life. He foresaw the imperative need for the Muslims to acquire proficiency in the English language and modern sciences, if the community were to maintain its social and political clout, particularly in Northern India.
He began to prepare the road map for the formation of a Muslim University by starting various schools. He instituted the Scientific Society in 1863, launched The Aligarh Institute Gazette in 1866, and founded the Madrasatul Uloom in Aligarh in 1875, which ultimately became the Aligarh Muslim University in 1920.
Here is a quick chronological history of the university:
May 24, 1875
Madrasatul Uloom is founded
On May 24 in 1875, Muslim reformer and educator (1817 – 1898) Sir Syed Ahmed Khan founded the Madrasatul Uloom Musalmanan-e-Hind in Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India. It was initially a primary school but later became a college-level institution.
January 8, 1877
Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College
After 2 years on January 8, 1877, the Madrasatul Uloom Musalmanan-e-Hind became Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College. As per Sir Syed’s vision, the college imparted both religious and scientific education at the same time.
August 27, 1920
The bill of the Muslim University is presented
On August 27 in 1920, the bill of the Muslim University was presented in the Indian Legislative Council during British India.
September 09, 1920
The bill of the AMU is passed
On September 09 in 1920, the bill of the Muslim University was finally passed and was further sent to the governor-general of India for his assent.
September 14, 1920
The Governor-General gives his assent
On September 14 in 1920, the governor-general of India gave his assent to the presented bill. Thus, the bill finally became the Aligarh Muslim University Act of 1920.
December 01, 1920
Aligarh Muslim University comes into being
On December 01 in 1920, the Aligarh Muslim University finally came into being after the AMU act was published in the Government Gazette.
December 17, 1920
Aligarh Muslim University is inaugurated
On December 17 in 1920, the Aligarh Muslim University was inaugurated after the government notification was issued for the foundation of the university. In 2020, the university celebrated 100 years of its completion.
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