Estimated peak land area ruled or controlled by the biggest Islamicate Empires. This is the list of the empires that covered at least One Million Square Kilometers of land area.
|SN||Empire Name||Estimated Size by Area||Peak Year|
|1||Umayyad Caliphate||11.1 million square km||720 & 750 CE|
|2||Abbasid Caliphate||8.3 million square km||800 CE|
|3||Rashidun Caliphate||6.4 million square km||661 CE|
|4||Ottoman Empire||5.2 million square km||1683 CE|
|5||Timurid Empire||4.4 million square km||1405 CE|
|6||Fatimid Caliphate||4.1 million square km||969 CE|
|7||Mughal Empire||4.0 million square km||1690/1705 CE|
|8||Seljuk Empire||3.9 million square km||1080 CE|
|9||Ghaznavid Empire||3.4 million square km||1029 CE|
|10||Delhi Sultanate||3.2 million square km||1312/1326 CE|
|11||Khwarazmian Empire||3.2 or 2.3 million square km||1218/1210 CE|
|12||Safavid Empire||2.9 million square km||1630 CE|
|13||Samanid Empire||2.85 million square km||928 CE|
|14||Mamluks of Egypt||2.1 million square km||1400 CE|
|15||Durrani Empire||2.02 million square km||1761 CE|
|16||Almohad||2 million square km||1200 CE|
|17||Ayyubid Dynasty||2 million square km||1190 CE|
|18||Ghurid Dynasty||2 million square km||1200 CE|
|19||Buyid Dynasty||1.6 million square km||980 CE|
|20||Qajar Iran||1.3 million square km||1873 CE|
|21||Mali Empire||1.1 million square km||1380 CE|
|22||Almoravid||1 million square km||1120 CE|
Disclaimer: This list does not include the empires which were not originally Islamicate, instead they adopted Islam later, i.e. Ilkhanate.
- The Oxford World History of Empire
- Durrani Empire, Yury V. Bosin
- East-West Orientation of Historical Empires and Modern States, Peter Turchin, Jonathan M. Adam, Thomas D. Hall
- Hughes, W. (1873). A Class-book of Modern Geography: With Examination Questions. United Kingdom: G. Philip & Son.
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